cryogenic fluid management / kryogene fluidhandhabung - cryogenic settling (CFM / KFH CRYO-SETTLING)

research area: fluid dynamics

experiment title:

Cryogenic Fluid Management (Cryogenic Settling - 50RL0921) /

Kryogene Fluidhandhabung (Cryogenic Settling - 50RL1320)

experiment acronym: CFM / KFH CRYO-SETTLING

funding agency: DLR

grant number: 50RL0921 (2009 - 2013), 50RL1320

performing organization:

ZARM, Universität Bremen

prime investigator: Prof. Dr. Michael Dreyer

experiment objective


Capillary driven surface oscillations of liquid argon (Tsat = 87.3 K at 1,013 hPa) have been investigated in a partly filled right circular cylinder under non-isothermal boundary conditions. The oscillations take place during the reorientation from the normal gravity surface position towards a new position upon step reduction of gravity. The situation is similar to the end of thrust in a rocket tank when the cold propellant moves along the warmer tank wall driven by capillary forces. The aim was to investigate the influence of the temperature difference between the slightly subcooled cryogenic liquid and the superheated cylinder wall on the oscillations and their characteristics in a single-component, two-phase system. Axial wall temperature gradients of averaged 0.15 K/mm − 1.93 K/mm above the normal gravity surface position were implemented. A general dependence of the reorientation behavior on the gradient value was observed, concerning the apparent contact line behavior, the frequency and damping of the oscillations of the free surface center point, and the apparent contact angle. The behavior of the ullage pressure was found to follow the behavior of the contact line.

related publications

  • Kulev N., Dreyer M. E.: Drop Tower Experiments on Non-isothermal Reorientation of Cryogenic Liquids, Microgravity Sci. Technol. 22 (4), 463-474 (2010)

experimental setup

experiment campaigns


experiment year: 2015
number of drops: 9

experiment year: 2014
number of drops: 3

experiment year: 2013
number of drops: 6


experiment year: 2012
number of drops: 13

experiment year: 2011
number of drops: 8

experiment year: 2010
number of drops: 12